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Gilthead seabream

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
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General

Perchids

Perchids (Perciformes)  is by far the largest family of fishes and comprise more than 41% of all vertebrate fish. Perchids occur in either fresh and saltwater areas all over the world. Well-known perchids are seabass, dorado, mahi-mahi and weever.

Gilthead seabream

Gilthead seabream can be found close to the seafloor in the eastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Seabream is most common in sub-tropical waters and generally cannot be found further north than the Bay of Biscay. Gilthead seabream can reach a maximum length of 70 cm and can weigh up to 7 kilograms.

 

Gilthead seabream

Sparus aurata
Origin

Mediterranean (FAO 37)

Farming- / Catch method

Net pens/ Cages

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Explanation assessment

This assessment only applies to gilthead seabream with ASCASC:
Aquaculture Stewardship Council, a worldwide eco-label for responsible cultivated fish.
label. Ask your salesman whether the fish has this label.

Gilthead seabream, or dorade, is farmed on a large scale in the Mediterranean, mainly in Spain, Greece, Italy and Turkey. They also occur naturally in these areas. This species is farmed in cagesCages:
A cultivation technique with open cages in the sea, lake or river. They are anchored to the bottom and are standing in places sheltered for storm and high waves. Most salmon is grown in this type of culture system. Because the cages are in open connection with the surrounding water, the impact on the environment is high.
at sea. Little independent scientific research is done on the effects of aquaculture on the environment. Gilthead seabream requires a large amount of feed to grow, but is not yet produced sustainably.

ASCASC:
Aquaculture Stewardship Council, a worldwide eco-label for responsible cultivated fish.
certified gilthead seabream is a better choice, as the feed is more sustainable. Currently, the first farms in the Mediterranean have been certified due to the most recent ‘sea bass, gilthead seabreem, meagre -standard’. Currently, two Greece farms from Nireus have been certified, one in Aliveri and one in Phocis. Two Turkish farms have also been certified in Bodrum, run by Sursan.

Fish in season 

This is an assessment on farmed fish. Therefore season is not relevant.

Gilthead seabream

Sparus aurata
Origin

Mediterranean (FAO 37)

Farming- / Catch method

Purse seines, Handlines and pole-lines (hand operated), Net pens/ Cages

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Fisheries for gilthead seabream, or dorade, are very data deficient. Due to this data deficiency, no stock assessment can be made. This species has a moderate susceptibility to fishing pressure.

There is not much data available on the influences these catch methods have on the ecosystem. The ecological impact is generally not that large when these types of catch methods are used.

Currently there is no specific management plan for this species in these particular catch areas.

Fish in season 

Fish is in season when the spawning period has ended, as the quality is then at its best.

Gilthead seabream

Sparus aurata
Origin

Mediterranean (FAO 37)

Farming- / Catch method

GlobalGAP net pens and cages

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Source usage
Impact on the environment
Management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

This assessment only applies to gilthead seabream with ASCASC:
Aquaculture Stewardship Council, a worldwide eco-label for responsible cultivated fish.
label. Ask your salesman whether the fish has this label.

Gilthead seabream, or dorade, is farmed on a large scale in the Mediterranean, mainly in Spain, Greece, Italy and Turkey. They also occur naturally in these areas.

This species is farmed in cagesCages:
A cultivation technique with open cages in the sea, lake or river. They are anchored to the bottom and are standing in places sheltered for storm and high waves. Most salmon is grown in this type of culture system. Because the cages are in open connection with the surrounding water, the impact on the environment is high.
at sea. Little independent scientific research is done on the effects of aquaculture on the environment. The ecosystem is indirectly affected via a concentrated waste stream originating from the cages. This fishery also has a well-known problem with escapees. If these escapees mix with fish from wild populations, reproductive successes may decrease. This species is also susceptible for disease, which could then spread considerably fast. Gilthead seabream requires a large amount of feed to grow, but is not yet produced sustainably. GlobalGAP certified seabream is a better choice, mainly because the feed is made of more sustainably caught fish.

Fish in season 

This is an assessment on farmed fish. Therefore season is not relevant.

Gilthead seabream

Sparus aurata
Origin

Mediterranean (FAO 37)

Farming- / Catch method

Demersal otter trawl, Trammel nets, Gillnets

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  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Fisheries for gilthead seabream, or dorade, are very data deficient. Due to this data deficiency, no stock assessment can be made. This species has a moderate susceptibility to fishing pressure.

All three catch methods have a large ecological impact on vulnerable species. The scale of impact these catch methods have on the ecosystem is as of yet unknown due to lack of data.

Currently there is no specific management plan for this species in these particular catch areas.

Fish in season 

Fish is in season when the spawning period has ended, as the quality is then at its best.

Gilthead seabream

Sparus aurata
Origin

Mediterranean (FAO 37)

Farming- / Catch method

Net pens/ Cages

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Source usage
Impact on the environment
Management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Gilthead seabream, or dorade, is farmed in open cagesCages:
A cultivation technique with open cages in the sea, lake or river. They are anchored to the bottom and are standing in places sheltered for storm and high waves. Most salmon is grown in this type of culture system. Because the cages are in open connection with the surrounding water, the impact on the environment is high.
at sea. This species requires a large amount of feed to grow. However, the feed has not yet been sustainably produced.

Farming in cages at sea can cause harm to the surrounding ecosystem. The ecosystem is both affected by the concentrated waste stream originating from the cages and escapees. If these escapees mix with fish from wild populations, reproductive successes may decrease. This species is also susceptible for disease, which could then spread considerably fast.

The overall managementManagement plan:
A management plan describes the management measures (such as catch limits) and their evaluation for one or more fisheries.
is seen as partially effective.

Fish in season 

This is an assessment on farmed fish. Therefore season is not relevant.

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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