More information

Penaid shrimp

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Second choice
Informatie over vissoort
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Shrimp is a type of crustaceans with elonged bodies and a primarily swimming mode of locomotion. Under the broader definition, shrimp may be synonymous with prawn. Covering the stalk-eyed swimming crustaceans with long muscular tails long whiskers and slender legs. Any small crustaceans that resemble a shrimp are called one. The habitat of the shrimp covers all waters, near the shore, rivers, lakes and in the deep sea. There are several types of shrimp on the dutch market. Wild shrimps from colder waters like the brown shrimp and the northern prawn are in general a bit smaller. Big shrimps or prawns also referred to as ‘gamba’, are most often imported from tropical areas, where they are farmed.

Penaid shrimp

Penaid shrimp or penaid prawn are the most commonly used names for shrimp or prawn species from the tropical waters in the Indian Ocean, belonging to the Penaeidae family. Shrimp or prawns belonging to this family are often labelled as ‘penaeidae’. This can include many different commercial shrimp species, such as the whiteleg shrimp, tiger prawn, Atlantic white shrimp and Indian prawn. It is unclear which shrimp species from the Indian Ocean is labelled as penaid shrimp or tropical shrimp.

Peanaid shrimp from tropical waters should not be confused with other shrimp species that are labelled as pink shrimp, such as the northern prawn, pink shrimp (oregon shrimp) or the aesop shrimp.



Penaid shrimp

Penaeidae spp.

Indian Ocean, east (FAO 57)
Deelgebieden: Indian Ocean, west

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Most stocks of shrimp in this region are under pressure because they are heavily fished or overfished. [Illegal fishery] plays a big part in this. Catch data are unreliable. Most shrimp fisheries are not or barely regulated, which means that it is not clear if the existing management measures are being followed.

[bottom otter trawls] for shrimp often have much bycatch, including young, undersizedUndersized fish:
Fish smaller than a prescribed minimum size. These sizes are determined per species and per country. For Europe, a minimum landing size applies to all EU Member States. 
fish. 20-80% of the catch is bycatch, of which much is discarded. In some areas everything is [landed]. There is also incidental bycatch of protected species like sea turtles, sharks and rays.

Fishing with bottom trawls touches the seabed and there is a direct disruption of the bottom life. Intensive fishing with [bottom otter trawls] leads on the long term to a change in the [species composition] in the sea. This is mainly a concern for the vulnerable habitats, like coral and sea grass reefs, that occur in this region.


ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.


Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.


This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.


GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.


Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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