More information

Patagonian toothfish

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
Informatie over vissoort
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General

Cod-like fish

Cod-like fishes belong to the Gadidae family. This includes the Atlantic and Pacific cod, pouting, haddock, whiting, European pollock, Alaska pollock and saithe. They live near the seabed in coastal waters and in deeper waters. During the day, they aggregate in schools. At night, they separate to forage independently. Gadidae are omnivorous fish that feed on worms, molluscs, bivalves, crustaceans and small fish. They migrate over large distances to spawn and to hunt on large schools of herring and smelt.

 

 

Patagonian toothfish

The Patagonian toothfish, or Chilean seabass, can be found in the colder waters of the southern oceans near the Arctic, at depths between 45 and 4000 metres. On average, this species weighs between 7 and 10 kg but can even weigh up to 100 kilograms. The Patagonian toothfish can reach an age of 50 years and a length of around 2.3 metres.  

 

Patagonian toothfish

Dissostichus eleginoides
Origin

Antarctica and surrounding waters (FAO 41|48|58|87)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl, Set longlines

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Explanation assessment

Patagonian toothfish reaches sexual maturity late and grows slowly. This makes the species vulnerable to fishing pressure. In the 80’s this species was “discovered” and the demand grew fast. in the 90’s the species was strongly overfished. The state of the toothfish stocks was unknown for a long time, but since 2010 there are stock assessments being done for more and more stocks. The state of these stocks seems to improve.

The fishery with set longlines has a moderate amount of bycatch, but bycatch can also include vulnerable sharks and seabirds. The fishery is managed by the CCAMLR (Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources). Several areas are closed for fishery and there are measures taken to reduce bycatch that seem to be effective. Several fisheries are MSC-certifiedMSC Certified:
Fisheries that comply with the Marine Stewardship Council assessment criteria and are certified. Fish products with the blue MSC label are caught by sustainable fisheries.
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Patagonian toothfish

Dissostichus eleginoides
Origin

Antarctica and surrounding waters (FAO 41|48|58|87)

Farming- / Catch method

Set longlines

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Patagonian toothfish reaches sexual maturity late and grows slowly. This makes the species vulnerable to fishing pressure. In the 80’s this species was “discovered” and the demand grew fast. in the 90’s the species was strongly overfished. The state of the toothfish stocks was unknown for a long time, but since 2010 there are stock assessments being done for more and more stocks. The state of these stocks seems to improve.

The fishery with set longlines has a moderate amount of bycatch, but bycatch can also include vulnerable sharks and seabirds. The fishery is managed by the CCAMLR (Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources). Several areas are closed for fishery and there are measures taken to reduce bycatch.

Illegal fishery is a big problem with the fishery on toothfish.

Patagonian toothfish

Dissostichus eleginoides
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, south-west (FAO 41)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Patagonian toothfish reaches sexual maturity late and grows slowly. This makes the species vulnerable to fishing pressure. In the 80’s this species was “discovered” and the demand grew fast. in the 90’s the species was strongly overfished. The state of the toothfish stocks was unknown for a long time, but since 2010 there are stock assessments being done for more and more stocks. The state of these stocks seems to improve.

This fishery with bottom trawls has a moderate amount of bycatch, but vulnerable shark species can be included in the bycatch. The fishery is managed by the CCAMLR (Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources). Several areas are closed for fishery and there are measures taken to reduce bycatch. The management is partly effective.

Illegal fishery is a big problem with the fishery on toothfish.

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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