Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Skagerrak, Kattegat, Sound, Belt Sea, Baltic Sea
Demersal otter trawl, Beam trawl, Electric pulse fishing, Gillnets
European flounder is often landed as bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). in the mixed flatfish fisheries. The fishing pressureFishing pressure:
Fishing pressure is a result of the fishing effort/amount of fishing on a stock, which determines the fishing mortality. Fishing mortality is the share of the fish stock that dies annually as a result of fishing. is unknown, but does not seem to have a negative impact on the stockStock:
The fish of a particular species reproducing in the same area in the same period. . The stock seems to be stable and is even potentially increasing.
All mentioned catch methods have a negative impact on the ecosystem. Furthermore, the methods have been known to have a negative impact on several, sometimes threatened, species, such as harbour porpoises and varying species of seabirds. The overall percentage of discardsDiscards:
Unwanted by-catch, which is thrown back because there is no quota, the market price is too low, or the fish is below the legal minimum landing size. Discards can be alive or dead. is relatively high in these fisheries. However, the exact percentage of discards and bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). is unknown.
There is no specific managementManagement plan:
A management plan describes the management measures (such as catch limits) and their evaluation for one or more fisheries. for the European flounder. The overall management, set up by the European Common Fisheries Policy, is only partially effective.
Fish in season
Fish is in season when the spawning period has ended, as the quality is then at its best.