More information

Western king prawn

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
Informatie over vissoort
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General

Shrimp

Shrimp is a type of crustaceans with elonged bodies and a primarily swimming mode of locomotion. Under the broader definition, shrimp may be synonymous with prawn. Covering the stalk-eyed swimming crustaceans with long muscular tails long whiskers and slender legs. Any small crustaceans that resemble a shrimp are called one. The habitat of the shrimp covers all waters, near the shore, rivers, lakes and in the deep sea. There are several types of shrimp on the dutch market. Wild shrimps from colder waters like the brown shrimp and the northern prawn are in general a bit smaller. Big shrimps or prawns also referred to as ‘gamba’, are most often imported from tropical areas, where they are farmed.

Western king prawn

The western king prawn can be found in the coastal waters of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean and lives on sandy bottoms. This species belongs, like most commercially important shrimp species, to the Penaeid family. Penaeidae shrimp live in warm waters. Warm-water shrimp can get bigger than cold-water shrimp.

 

Western king prawn

Penaeus latisulcatus
Origin

Indian Ocean, east (FAO 57)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Explanation assessment

The prawn fishery in the Spencer Gulf, in Southern Australia, has been MSC-certifiedMSC Certified:
Fisheries that comply with the Marine Stewardship Council assessment criteria and are certified. Fish products with the blue MSC label are caught by sustainable fisheries.
since 2011. The prawns are caught with a bottom otter trawl with a grid in the end of the net which prevents bycatch. Several other Australian prawn fisheries are in the MSC assessment program.

 

Western king prawn

Penaeus latisulcatus
Origin

Indian Ocean (FAO 51|57)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Most shrimp stocks in this region are intensively fished or overfished, which pressures the stocks. Illegal fishery plays a big part in this. Catch data are unreliable.

Trawling fisheries have generally much bycatch, including young, undersized fish. 20-80% of the catch is bycatch, of which much is discarded. At some places everything is landed. Furthermore, there is incidental bycatch of protected species, like sea turtles, rays and sharks. Fishing with trawls touches the bottom and there is a direct disruption of the bottom life. Intensive fishing with bottom trawls leads on the long-term to a change in species composition in the sea. This is especially the case for vulnerable habitats like coral reefs and sea grass fields that occur in this region.

Most shrimp fisheries in this region are not or hardly regulated, which makes it unclear whether the existing measures are being followed.

 

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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