Coral fish is a collective name for the brightly coloured fish living in tropical and subtropical waters. Demand for this type of fish is not significant in the Netherlands. Species that can be found at the Dutch market are parrotfish, snappers, lionfish and doctorfish.
Often, it is very difficult to trace back the origin and fishing methods of these fish. Additionally, regulation and management of the fisheries can be very poor in countries of origin. Catches are not registered and there is little control on fishing methods. The use of cyanide and dynamite to fish on the reefs are common methods. This is extremely detrimental to the ecological status of the reefs and the entire ocean.
There are many species of snapper on the market. Their colouration varies from red to greyish green. Red snapper is the most well known and a favourite species under consumers. Snappers are tropical or semi-tropical fish, found worldwide. Adult snappers live solitary around under water structures as reefs, rocks and oil platforms. Juveniles are often found in schools in shallow waters, and find safety from predators in mangroves forests. On average they reach 60-160 cm and weigh 3-60 kg. Red snapper is one of the smaller snapper species reaching up to 60 cm length and 3 kg.