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Northern prawn

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
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General

Shrimp

Shrimp is a type of crustaceans with elonged bodies and a primarily swimming mode of locomotion. Under the broader definition, shrimp may be synonymous with prawn. Covering the stalk-eyed swimming crustaceans with long muscular tails long whiskers and slender legs. Any small crustaceans that resemble a shrimp are called one. The habitat of the shrimp covers all waters, near the shore, rivers, lakes and in the deep sea. There are several types of shrimp on the dutch market. Wild shrimps from colder waters like the brown shrimp and the northern prawn are in general a bit smaller. Big shrimps or prawns also referred to as ‘gamba’, are most often imported from tropical areas, where they are farmed.

Northern prawn

The northern prawn lives in the northern, colder waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. This species prefers water temperatures between 1-6 °C and lives at depths of 50 – 500 m on sandy, muddy bottoms. All northern prawns are males when are born but turn female after 4-5 years. This species can reach a maximum age of 8 years and can grow up to 16,5 centimetres. They live on the seabed during the day and move upwards into shallower water at night to feed. There are several stocks of northern prawn in the Atlantic Ocean. 

 

Northern prawn

Pandalus borealis
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Explanation assessment

Several fisheries on the northern prawn are MSC-certifiedMSC Certified:
Fisheries that comply with the Marine Stewardship Council assessment criteria and are certified. Fish products with the blue MSC label are caught by sustainable fisheries.
. In the east Atlantic Ocean there are fisheries from among others Denmark, Estonia, Greenland, Scotland, the Faroe Islands and Norway MSC-certified.

The northern prawn is caught with fine-meshed otter trawls with a sorting panel in the opening of the net, which allows young fish to escape. This prevents bycatch of fish as much as possible.

Northern prawn

Pandalus borealis
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-west (FAO 21)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Explanation assessment

Several fisheries on the northern prawn are MSC-certifiedMSC Certified:
Fisheries that comply with the Marine Stewardship Council assessment criteria and are certified. Fish products with the blue MSC label are caught by sustainable fisheries.
. In the north-west Atlantic Ocean there are since 2008 several Canadian [bottom otter trawl] fisheries MSC-certified.

The northern prawn is caught with fine-meshed otter trawls with a sorting panel in the opening of the net, which allows young fish to escape. This prevents bycatch of fish as much as possible.

 

Northern prawn

Pandalus borealis
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-west (FAO 21)
Deelgebieden: Atlantic Ocean, north-west

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl, Trawls

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The stock of northern prawn in Canada and Greenland is healthy and is not being overfished.

Bycatch in this fishery is low, in part due to the use of material that reduces bycatch. All ships also have sorting grids, which release the bottom fish alive. There is a possibility that vulnerable bottom habitats, like cold-water corals and sponges, are being affected.

The management covers all aspects of the fishery and is effective.

 

Northern prawn

Pandalus borealis
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Barents sea

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The prawn stock in this fishing area is healthy and the [fishing pressure] is sufficiently low. The northern prawn is probably well resistant to the impacts of the fishery.

The shrimp fishery uses fine-meshed otter trawls. At first there was a lot of bycatch of cod and redfish, but bycatch has been reduced due to the use of selection panels. Discarding is forbidden in Norwegian waters. When there is a high amount of bycatch of young and undersizedUndersized fish:
Fish smaller than a prescribed minimum size. These sizes are determined per species and per country. For Europe, a minimum landing size applies to all EU Member States. 
fish, areas are temporarily closed for the fishery.

[Bottom otter trawls] have an impact on the seabed and directly cause a disruption of the bottom life. The long-term effects on the [species composition] in these deep-sea areas are unknown. Cold-water coral reefs in the Norwegian waters are protected by means of closed areas.

Even though there is no management plan for the northern prawn, the stock management has showed to be effective. the fishing pressure is mainly regulated by a limitation of the fishing effort, permits, obligatory use of selection panels and a minimum mesh-size. Steps are being made to protect vulnerable areas against the negative effects bottom disturbing fisheries, including the closing of several areas for bottom otter trawls.

 

Northern prawn

Pandalus borealis
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Iceland

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The northern prawn stock in this fishing area is not doing well. The [fishing pressure] has decreased, but currently there is still overfishing taking place.

Fishing is done with [bottom otter trawls] with a small mesh-size. Despite this the amount of bycatch in this area is low, due to the use of selection panels. There are incidental bycatches of sharks and rays. The effect on these vulnerable species is unknown. Bottom otter trawls disrupt the bottom life. Intensive fishing can lead on the long-term to a change in the species composition. This is especially plausible on these deep seabeds, that are not often disturbed.

The [fishing pressure] on the shrimp stock in the waters of Greenland is regulated by means of a minimum mesh size and [quota’s]. These measures seem to be sufficient. In both areas it is forbidden to discard shrimp and the use of a selection panel is obligatory.

 

Northern prawn

Pandalus borealis
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Skagerrak and Kattegat

Farming- / Catch method

Trawls

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The precise state of the northtern prawn stock in this area is unclear. There are strong indications that the stock is shrinking and that the [fishing pressure] has to go down.

The shrimp fishery uses fine-meshed trawl nets, which has a lot of bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). 
of young shrimp and young fish. Selection panels lead to a strong reduction in the amount of bycatch. [Bottom otter trawls] have an impact on the seabed and directly disturb the bottom life. The long-term effects on the [species composition] in these deep-sea areas are unknown.

Norway and the EU have a joint management of this fishery. The shrimp fishery is managed by [catch limits], [quota’s], permits and technical measures. In Norwegian and Swedish waters a selection panel is obligatory. In Norway it is forbidden to discard bycatch. If the amount of bycatch is too high in Norway, fishing area’s are closed for the fishery. Steps are being made to protect vulnerable areas against the negative effects bottom disturbing fisheries, including the closing of several areas for bottom otter trawls.

 

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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