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Haddock

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
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General

Cod-like fish

Cod-like fishes belong to the Gadidae family. This includes the Atlantic and Pacific cod, pouting, haddock, whiting, European pollock, Alaska pollock and saithe. They live near the seabed in coastal waters and in deeper waters. During the day, they aggregate in schools. At night, they separate to forage independently. Gadidae are omnivorous fish that feed on worms, molluscs, bivalves, crustaceans and small fish. They migrate over large distances to spawn and to hunt on large schools of herring and smelt.

 

 

Haddock

Haddock is an important commercial species from the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. It is from the same family as Atlantic cod and lives in the same areas. Haddock lives close to the bottom at a depth of 10-200 m. It reaches a maximum length of 1 m and can get over 20 years old. Most traded specimens are 40-60 cm of length. They have a greenish brown dorsal side, a black lateral line and a distinctive dark blotch above the pectoral fin, often described as a “thumbprint” or even the “Devil’s thumbprint” or “St. Peter’s mark”.

 

 

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus
Origin

Iceland grounds (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Barents sea

Farming- / Catch method

Danish seine, Bottom otter trawl, Demersal longlines, Handlines and pole-lines, Gillnets

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Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, northeast (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Skagerrak and Kattegat

Farming- / Catch method

Bycatch – fishing method: any gear type

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The stock of haddock in the North Sea and the Skagerrak is doing well and is well within [biological safe limits]. The fishing mortality is under the [precautionary level] and the stockStock:
The fish of a particular species reproducing in the same area in the same period. 
is not being overfishedOverfished:
A stock is overfished when the stock size has decreased so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
.

The fishing method, [bottom otter trawl], had a negative effect on the ecosystem. There is much bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). 
and a part of this bycatch is discarded. These discards can be up to 50% of the catch. The bottom otter trawls also disturb the bottom life. Fishing with bottom trawls leads on the long term to a changed [species composition].

The haddock fishery in the North Sea and Skagerrak is jointly managed by the EU and Norway. A management plan started in 2008. Catch agreements have been made in this plan. Scientists help with determining the [catch limits].

 

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

Welfare

There is fish available of this species that is farmed or caught using high welfare standards.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.