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Deepwater Redfish

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/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
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General

Scorpaenidae

Scorpaenidae (also known as scorpionfish) is a family of marine fish that includes many of the most venomous species. It is in the name, scorpionfish have a type of spike or sting that contains a type of venomous slimy substance. Physical characteristics of this type of fish are the compact body, many spikes on head and back and a relatively large mouth. They are widespread in tropical and temperate waters. Most subspecies live at the bottom of the sea and feed with shellfish and little fish. Scorpionfish make use of suction, generated by the oral cavity, to catch their prey.

The most well-known species in the Northesa are gurnards and redfish. The lionfish is also a scorpionfish.

 

Deepwater Redfish

Deepwater redfish and rose fish are very similar in colour but differ in size. Both species are either red or an orange reddish. The deepwater redfish can reach up to 55 cm and is significantly smaller than the rose fish. The younger fish inhabit fjords, bays and coastal areas and when mature, swim farther and deeper into sea. They can be found at depths of 1000 m or more.

 

Deepwater Redfish

Sebastes mentella
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Barents sea

Farming- / Catch method

Midwater otter trawl

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Deepwater Redfish

Sebastes mentella
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Barents sea

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The stockStock:
The fish of a particular species reproducing in the same area in the same period. 
of deepwater redfish is in good condition and is harvested sustainably.

The use of demersalDemersal otter trawls:
A technique in which conical nets are dragged over the ground and are held open by large, square 'otter planks'. The planks also work as a plough, in which fish are hunted into the nets.
otter trawls has a large impact on the ecosystem and several habitats. This fishery has a low bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). 
, as a discardsDiscards:
Unwanted by-catch, which is thrown back because there is no quota, the market price is too low, or the fish is below the legal minimum landing size. Discards can be alive or dead.
ban has been implemented. The survival rate of this bycatch is very low, as the species often do not survive the transport from the deep sea to the surface water.

The overall management is seen as largely effective.

Fish in season 

Fish is in season when the spawning period has ended, as the quality is then at its best.

 

Deepwater Redfish

Sebastes mentella
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Iceland and Faroes grounds

Farming- / Catch method

Midwater otter trawl

  • Jan
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  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Deepwater redfish is being heavily overfishedOverfished:
A stock is overfished when the stock size has decreased so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
in these areas. Although advice was given to lower fishing pressureFishing pressure:
Fishing pressure is a result of the fishing effort/amount of fishing on a stock, which determines the fishing mortality. Fishing mortality is the share of the fish stock that dies annually as a result of fishing.
, this has not been implemented in the last years. The fishing mortalityFishing mortality:
The share of the fish stock that dies annually by fishing. This is the size to which fishing pressure is examined.  
is high for this stockStock:
The fish of a particular species reproducing in the same area in the same period. 
.

The use of midwaterMidwater otter trawls:
A fishing technique whereby conical nets are dragged through the water column and are kept open by large square 'otter planks'.  
ottertrawls has a low impact on the ecosystem. This fishery has a low bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). 
, as a discardsDiscards:
Unwanted by-catch, which is thrown back because there is no quota, the market price is too low, or the fish is below the legal minimum landing size. Discards can be alive or dead.
ban has been implemented.

The overall management is seen as partially effective.

Fish in season 

Fish is in season when the spawning period has ended, as the quality is then at its best.

Deepwater Redfish

Sebastes mentella
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: east Greenland

Farming- / Catch method

Demersal otter trawl

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Deepwater redfish is being heavily overfishedOverfished:
A stock is overfished when the stock size has decreased so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
in these areas. This species is vulnerable to fishing pressureFishing pressure:
Fishing pressure is a result of the fishing effort/amount of fishing on a stock, which determines the fishing mortality. Fishing mortality is the share of the fish stock that dies annually as a result of fishing.
, and is induced by lack of juvenile fish and high fishing mortalityFishing mortality:
The share of the fish stock that dies annually by fishing. This is the size to which fishing pressure is examined.  
. Deepwater redfish are slow-growing and late-maturing species, which is making the recovery of this stock difficult.

DemersalDemersal otter trawls:
A technique in which conical nets are dragged over the ground and are held open by large, square 'otter planks'. The planks also work as a plough, in which fish are hunted into the nets.
otter trawls have a destructive impact on the sea floor. In addition, information regarding bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). 
in this fishery is lacking, and it is though that survival rates of bycatch is low. This fishery is likely to contain large amounts of juvenile and undersizedUndersized fish:
Fish smaller than a prescribed minimum size. These sizes are determined per species and per country. For Europe, a minimum landing size applies to all EU Member States. 
fish as bycatch.

The overall management is seen as partially effective.

Fish in season 

Fish is in season when the spawning period has ended, as the quality is then at its best.

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.