More information

Pacific salmon

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
Informatie over vissoort
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General

Salmonids

There are many species that belong to the Salmonids or (Protacanthopterygii). Did you know trouts, smelts, and even pikes belong to the Salmon family? Salmonids occur in either salt and freshwater. Most species are well-specialized predators and live in temperate climate zones.  Salmonids are ray-finned fishes and can be distinguished by the ‘fat-fin’ between the backfin and tail. They do not have spikes and the pelvic and pectoral fin are separated.

Salmonids are sold farmed and wildcaught. Wildcaught salmon comes from the Pacific. Almost all Atlantic salmon on sold is farmed. Since the 90s the farming of salmon increased dramatically. Norway, chile, Scotland, Canada and the Faroe islands are important farming countries for salmon. In both, wild-caught and farmed salmon problems in sustainability are prevalent.

 

 

 

Pacific salmon

There are 5 different species of salmon that can be caught in Alaska: sockeye, chum, chinook, coho and pink salmon. Salmon are so called anadromous fish. This means that they are born is freshwater and then migrate to sea to become mature. After a couple of years, the mature fish return to freshwater to reproduce. These species of salmon only reproduce once in their lifetime, as they die shortly after reproduction.  

 

Pacific salmon

Oncorhynchus spp.
Origin

Pacific Ocean, north-east (FAO 67)
Deelgebieden: Russia, east

Farming- / Catch method

Purse seines, Hooks and lines, Gillnets

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Explanation assessment

Several salmon fisheries along the north east and north west coast of the Pacific Ocean have been MSC-certifiedMSC Certified:
Fisheries that comply with the Marine Stewardship Council assessment criteria and are certified. Fish products with the blue MSC label are caught by sustainable fisheries.
. In Alaska those are the sockey, chum, chinook, coho and pink salmon fisheries. The Anette Island salmon fisheries on chum, coho, king and pink have also been MSC-certified. Anette Island lies along the coast of south Alaska. In British Columbia the pink salmon fishery is MSC-certified. There are four MSC-certified salmon fisheries in the Russian waters. These fisheries use traps and beach seines on sockeye, chum, coho and pink salmon.

Several salmon fisheries in the Russian waters are going through the [MSC assessment process]. The salmon fisheries in Narody Severa-Bolsheretsk and VA-Delta Kamchatka are being judged again. Untill that they are approved, they cannot show the MSC label.

 

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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