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Octopus

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
Informatie over vissoort
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General

Squid & Octopuses

Squid and octopuses belong to the group of cephalopods (Cephalopoda). Two distinct species can be found, the octopuses (eight-legged) and the squids (ten-legged). European squid and cuttlefish are most common in the Northsea. Although, squid are physically related to snails and shellfish their ‘lifestyle’ is more similar to that of fish. Many squids species swim in large groups and undertake vast seasonal migrations. Squids lay eggs in the mid-water column and hunt for fish and are food for larger fish and sea mammals. Octopuses often occur more on the seabed.

 

Octopus

An octopus is cephalopod without an endoskeleton with a round, sack-like body with eight tentacles and a large head. This species can be found in reef-like, tropical, and subtropical areas. The common octopus hunts at dusk for crabs, crayfish, and bivalve molluscs (two-shelled molluscs such as cockles). Like most cephalopods they only reach a few years of age.  

Octopus

Octopus vulgaris
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, central east (FAO 34)
Deelgebieden: The Gambia

Farming- / Catch method

Pots and traps, Pots

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Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

There are no good stock estimates of octopus in this area. Because octopuses grow fast and reproduce fast, they are not very vulnerable to overfishingOverfishing:
There is so much fish caught that the size of the stock has diminished so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
. Despite this, the available data shows that the stock is overfished.

Fishing with clay pots on octopus is a very selective method with almost no damage to the seabed. Octopuses use the pots as a hiding place.

There is little information about the management of this fishery in Mauritania and Senegal, but it seems to not be very effective.

 

Octopus

Octopus vulgaris
Origin

Mediterranean (FAO 37)
Deelgebieden: Atlantic Ocean, north-east

Farming- / Catch method

Pots and traps, Pots

  • Jan
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  • Sep
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  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Because octopuses grow fast and reproduce fast, they are not very vulnerable to overfishingOverfishing:
There is so much fish caught that the size of the stock has diminished so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
. Despite this, they are overfished on many places and there is a decrease in the stockStock:
The fish of a particular species reproducing in the same area in the same period. 
sizes observable. Because octopuses [spawn] in schools, they can be caught easily.

Fishing with clay pots on octopus is a very selective method with almost no damage to the seabed. Octopuses use the pots as a hiding place.

There is almost no management for octopus, but it is welcome because of the economic and ecologic value. It is however difficult to determine the size of an octopus stock, because they hide in cracks in the rocks. In addition, there is too little money for research on these cephalopods, despite the economic value of the cephalopod fishery.

 

Octopus

Octopus vulgaris
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl

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  • Feb
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  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Because octopuses grow fast and reproduce fast, they are not very vulnerable to overfishingOverfishing:
There is so much fish caught that the size of the stock has diminished so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
. Despite this, they are overfished on many places and there is a decrease in the stockStock:
The fish of a particular species reproducing in the same area in the same period. 
sizes observable. Because octopuses [spawn] in schools, they can be caught easily.

[Bottom otter trawls] have an impact on the seabed and there is often bycatchBycatch:
Species caught next to species targeted for fishery. By-catches can consist of non-commercial species and species that are too small, and can be kept (this part is sometimes called by-product) or thrown back into the sea (discards). 
of undersizedUndersized fish:
Fish smaller than a prescribed minimum size. These sizes are determined per species and per country. For Europe, a minimum landing size applies to all EU Member States. 
and [non-target species].

There is almost no management for octopus, but it is welcome because of the economic and ecologic value. It is however difficult to determine the size of an octopus stock, because they hide in cracks in the rocks. In addition, there is too little money for research on these cephalopods, despite the economic value of the cephalopod fishery.

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.