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Angler

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch
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General

Monkfish

Deep down in the ocean is a world of strange creatures. Monkfish (Lophiidae) form a specific family of fish in the order of anglerfish. This type of fish can be found in the cold waters of the Arctic Ocean, Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. This fish lives on the sea bottom on a depth of up to 1000 meter. Monkfish are anglerfish and possess a large head with a mouth full of long razor-sharp teeth.

The most important filament is the first, which is the longest, terminates in a lappet, and is movable in every direction. The angler is believed to attract other fish by means of its lure and then to seize them with its enormous jaws.

Only the larger sized individuals are of commercial interest.

Angler

The angler is a deep-sea fish that lives at depths up to 1000 m and get up to 2 m long. The species has very well-developed camouflage abilities; they can resemble the stones, sand or macroalgae of the habitat in which they are hiding. Anglers have a lure attached to their head which they use to lure small fish into their opened mouth, hence the name angler. This species can be found ranging from the Mediterranean Sea to Iceland. Most anglers are caught in shallower coastal waters in France, Spain and England.

 

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl, Set longlines, Gillnets

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Explanation assessment

There is more and more Angler in Iceland, probably due to the rising water temperature. A good overview of the stock still lacks, but research is being done. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure. The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat.

Longline fishery is more selective than bottom fishery. Gillnets are passive gear that, when applied on a small scale, reasonably environment-friendly because they are selective (small fish pass through) and use little energy. Gillnets form a problem when they get loose and keep fishing. Bycatch of small anglers is a problem in the fisheries.

Extensive stock assessments are being done in Icelandic waters, and management follows scientific advice.

 

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Bay of Biscay, south

Farming- / Catch method

Set longlines, Gillnets

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Despite the high fishing pressure, the stock of angler west of the United Kingdom and west of the Iberian Peninsula is increasing. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure. The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat. This results in a higher and higher fishing pressure.

Gillnets are passive gear that, when applied on a small scale, reasonably environment-friendly because they are selective (small fish pass through) and use little energy. Bycatch of small anglers, endangered sea birds, sea mammels, sharks and rays is a problem in this fishery.

The management is largely effective. Because there is one TACTAC:
Total Allowable Catch: catch limitations for commercially important fish species made by the Council of Fisheries Ministers on the basis of scientific advice. 
for two different angler species, there is a danger that one of the species gets overfished instead of a shared fishing pressure on both species. There is no minimum landing size for angler due to its abnormal shape.

 

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: west of Ireland

Farming- / Catch method

Gillnets

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Despite the high fishing pressure, the stock of angler west of the United Kingdom and west of the Iberian Peninsula is increasing. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure. The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat. This results in a higher and higher fishing pressure.

Gillnets are passive gear that, when applied on a small scale, reasonably environment-friendly because they are selective (small fish pass through) and use little energy. Bycatch of small anglers, endangered sea birds, sea mammels, sharks and rays is a problem in this fishery.

The management is partly effective. There is a landing obligation for this fishery since 2016. The fishery is well monitored and adheres to all laws and regulations.

 

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Norwegian Sea

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl, Beam trawl

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The angler stock in the North Sea and surrounding areas is increasing, but the long-term productivity is endangered due to the bad management and the high fishing pressure. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure. The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat. This results in a higher and higher fishing pressure.

Angler was before mainly bycatch in the bottom otter trawl fishery. Now there is also targeted fishery. There is much bycatch. Bycatch of little angler fish increases up to almost 30% in the Spanish catches. Also bycatch of elasmobranches (sharks and rays) is probable. The beam trawl and otter trawl fisheries are bottom disturbing fisheries that stir up the seabed and have a high fuel usage.

The management is not effective. There is no minimum landing size due to its abnormal shape. As a result, there are a lot of angler fish on the market that are not yet sexually mature. Especially the juvenile females are being caught. Good data about this fish lack. This is why the type of management should change. A monitoring program needs to be established with obligatory registration of the catch, bycatch and fishing effort. Technical measures are needed to prevent the catch of juvenile females.

 

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Norwegian Sea

Farming- / Catch method

Set longlines, Gillnets

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The angler stock in the North Sea and surrounding areas is increasing, but the long-term productivity is endangered due to the bad management and the high fishing pressure. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure. The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat. This results in a higher and higher fishing pressure.

Angler was before mainly bycatch in the bottom otter trawl fishery. Now there is also targeted fishery. Longline fishery is more selective than bottom fishery. Gillnets are passive gear that, when applied on a small scale, reasonably environment-friendly because they are selective (small fish pass through) and use little energy. Gillnets form a problem when they get loose and keep fishing. Bycatch of small anglers is a problem in the fisheries.

The management is not effective. There is no minimum landing size due to its abnormal shape. As a result, there are a lot of angler fish on the market that are not yet sexually mature. Especially the juvenile females are being caught. Good data about this fish lack. This is why the type of management should change. A monitoring program needs to be established with obligatory registration of the catch, bycatch and fishing effort. Technical measures are needed to prevent the catch of juvenile females.

 

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: west of Ireland

Farming- / Catch method

Set longlines, Gillnets

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Despite the high fishing pressure, the stock of angler west of the United Kingdom and west of the Iberian Peninsula is increasing. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure. The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat. This results in a higher and higher fishing pressure.

Angler was before mainly bycatch in the bottom otter trawl fishery. Now there is also targeted fishery. Longline fishery is more selective than bottom fishery. Bycatch of small anglers is a problem in the fisheries.

The management is partly effective. There is no minimum landing size due to its abnormal shape. As a result, there are a lot of angler fish on the market that are not yet sexually mature. Especially the juvenile females are being caught. Good data about this fish lack. This is why the type of management should change. A monitoring program needs to be established with obligatory registration of the catch, bycatch and fishing effort. Technical measures are needed to prevent the catch of juvenile females.

Angler

Lophius piscatorus
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: west of Ireland

Farming- / Catch method

Bottom otter trawl, Beam trawl

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Despite the high fishing pressure, the stock of angler west of the United Kingdom and west of the Iberian Peninsula is increasing. Angler fish mature late, which makes them extra vulnerable to fishing pressure.

The angler is popular for it’s taste and the structure of the meat. This results in a higher and higher fishing pressure.Angler was before mainly bycatch in the bottom otter trawl fishery. Now there is also targeted fishery.

There is much bycatch; Bycatch of little angler fish increases up to almost 30% in the Spanish catches. Also bycatch of elasmobranches (sharks and rays) is probable. The beam trawl and otter trawl fisheries are bottom disturbing fisheries that stir up the seabed and have a high fuel usage.

The management is not effective. There is no minimum landing size due to its abnormal shape. As a result, there are a lot of angler fish on the market that are not yet sexually mature. Especially the juvenile females are being caught. Good data about this fish lack. This is why the type of management should change. A monitoring program needs to be established with obligatory registration of the catch, bycatch and fishing effort. Technical measures are needed to prevent the catch of juvenile females.

ASC label

Fish with the ASC label is farmed in a sustainable manner.

MSC label

Fish with the MSC label is caught sustainably.

Good fish

This fish is not being overfished or is being responsibly farmed, with minimal impact on the environment.

Second choice

This fish is a second choice. There are still some improvements to be made in this fishery or fish farm.

Avoid

Do not buy this fish. It's being overfished or the way it's farmed or caught has a negative impact on the environment.

By-catch

This fish is unwillingly caught while fishing for a different species. They are underused and should be eaten more.

GlobalG.A.P.

GlobalG.A.P. certified farms are doing a step in the right direction in terms of sustainability. A few species with this label are getting a better score on the VISwijzer.

Organic

Organic standards are the strictest when it comes to fish feed. They also require certain measures for animal well-being.

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